https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/10/fixed-mindsets-might-be-why-we-dont-understand-statistics/ The (Bayesian) answer would be a lot simpler in Boolean terms...... In T/A, the "fixed thinking" displaces whole sets of outcomes that fail to be ascribed to the immediate study -- applications of Normal Distributions to data that are intrinsically linked from one observation to the next, or conclusions that gleefully link two characteristic outcomes as sequential cause and effect when no evidence is manifest that any causative principle was at work, or which might've caused the other, or indeed, should the (actual) order be reversed? Eeeesh! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anscombe's_quartet Fixed thinking. It'll get ya.