Can you explain in one paragraph... why the market generally looks like this, before the opening bell? Establishing an accurate and refined and enriched market hypothesis is vital, This process is key, and the Holy Grail. It's Knowing, reasonably, what to expect for, assume for, and position for. Suppose you know this....fairly accurately....it would be wise to bet down around 9:44 and sell around 11:17 If someone understands this process, daily, they can get rich in the market, And don't ask me to explain it in further, specific, technical, detail -- I won't, for obvious reasons. Believe me or don't believe me, I could care less.